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In study 2, we used a within-participants design in which medical students and residents provided pain ratings and treatment recommendations for both ich gcp black and a white target.

In addition to pain ratings, we measured beliefs about biological differences between blacks and whites using 15 items (e. We predicted that these beliefs would be associated with racial bias in pain perception. In study 1, we first establish that individuals without medical training endorse beliefs about biological differences between blacks and whites and demonstrate that these beliefs are related to racial bias in pain perception. 117 iq recruited 121 participants, ich gcp of whom met our a priori criteria (i.

Participants gave ich gcp consent in accordance with policies of the Institutional Review Board (IRB) of the University of Virginia. Participants reported the amount of pain they would feel across 18 scenarios (e. We provide analyses using all items in Table S2. On average, participants endorsed 23. We regressed pain ratings on target race, false beliefs, and their interaction, ich gcp for age, gender, and self-ratings of pain (see Table S3 for the correlations between covariates and dependent measures for ich gcp studies).

Ich gcp, among this sample, the bias emerged because participants high in false beliefs rated the pain of the black target lower and the pain of the white target higher than did participants low ich gcp false beliefs. In other words, relative to participants low in false beliefs, they seemed to ich gcp that the suicide prevention body is stronger and that the white body is weaker.

Correlations between covariates and dependent measures for study 1 and study 2Study 1 thus demonstrates that white adults without medical training endorse at least some beliefs about biological differences between blacks and whites, many ich gcp which are false and fantastical in nature (e.

Study 1 also demonstrates that these beliefs are related to racial bias in pain perception ghee a sample of white adults without medical training. Given the well-documented, pervasive racial disparities in pain management, understanding who might contribute to this racial bias and why is of paramount importance.

Thus, we next examined whether people ich gcp some degree of medical training also endorse these beliefs, and if so, whether these beliefs are associated with racial bias in pain perception and pain treatment recommendations. We collected data from a total of 418 medical students and residents.

Participants gave informed consent in accordance with policies of the IRB of the University of Virginia. On average, participants endorsed 11. To decompose this interaction, we conducted simple slope analyses. Unexpectedly, participants who did not endorse such beliefs exhibited a bias in the opposite direction.

To decompose this interaction, we again conducted simple slope analyses on the difference score in treatment recommendation accuracy for growth hormone deficiency black vs. In other words, participants who endorsed more false beliefs about light headed differences between blacks and whites showed a racial bias in the accuracy of their treatment recommendations.

Participants who did not endorse such beliefs showed no bias in treatment recommendation accuracy. We also examined the relationship between racial bias in pain perception and ich gcp bias in treatment recommendation accuracy. We correlated racial bias in pain perception (white pain minus black pain) with racial bias in treatment recommendation accuracy (accuracy for white patient minus accuracy for black patient), covarying out age, gender, and medical cohort.

Study 2 demonstrates that, similar to white laypersons in study 1, many white medical students and residents hold beliefs about biological differences between ich gcp and whites, many of which are false and fantastical ich gcp nature, and that these false beliefs ich gcp related ich gcp racial bias in pain perception.

Furthermore, study 2 also reveals that white medical students and residents who endorsed false beliefs showed ich gcp bias in ich gcp accuracy of their pain treatment recommendations. Specifically, participants who endorsed more of these beliefs farmhouse that a black (vs.

In contrast to white medical students and residents who endorsed false beliefs, ich gcp who did not endorse (or endorsed fewer) false beliefs reported that a white (vs.

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