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Agree, useful z 24 pity, that

Here the academic and societal disbenefit is loss of the journal, making OA self defeating. Transition to APC gold OAOA advocates often argue that loss of subscription revenue will not lead to a loss of journals because the journals will simply transition to an author pays (APC) business model. But this transition is difficult and expensive, so some journals may not make it. Moreover, those that do may not attract the APC revenue needed to continue. In fact there is no a priori reason to think that a system of z 24 APC journals will duplicate and sustain the present system of subscription z 24. The present system is based on libraries z 24 journals for large numbers of researchers.

The APC system is based on individuals paying to be published. These are fundamentally different economic models. The all APC system might well turn out to be much smaller than the subscription system.

If so then the disbenefits will flow from the loss of a significant number of journals. Both z 24 and communication might be greatly reduced in an all APC world. Moreover, even if this does not happen, the APC funds are taken from research funding, thereby reducing the amount of research. Also, those who cannot afford the APCs will not be able to publish, further reducing both communication z 24 recognition. There is also the very real danger that funders will force APCs down to an unsustainable level.

Peer review could be forced out, thereby reducing quality, or journals terminated altogether, if APC limits are set too low. In fact the use of mandates to get OA has the potential adverse effect of turning scholarly publishing into a regulatory regime. In particular, de facto government control of who gets to publish, and where, z 24 fraught with danger.

Most published research is funded by governments and lowering allowable APCs is politically attractive (as is shortening green z 24 periods). All of these potential adverse impacts of OA are z 24 known.

If the Tennant et all article aims to be an balanced account of the impact of OA then it should include the recognition of these possible disbenefits, in at least as much detail as is given to the possible benefits.

Either that or re-title their article to make clear that they are only considering the potential benefits of OA, not including the disbenefits.

Having been asked by Jon Tennant to provide additional comments regarding the potential disbenefits of OA, here are some. Report a concern Author Response 18 Apr 2016 Jon Tennant, Imperial College London, London, UK Author Response Dear David,Many thanks for your comment. In the revised version of this article, we will pay extra attention to the language used, in z 24 with the headings to address potential. Continue reading Dear Z 24 thanks for your comment.

In Lidocaine 3% HCL Cream (CidalEaze)- Multum z 24 version of this article, we will pay extra attention to the language used, in particular with the headings to address potential issues with objectivity.

While we were z 24 to z 24 a balanced argument, and provide numerous references to support z 24, it is possible of course that we rhodiola missed some key studies or counter points. Based on your comments, we would greatly appreciate any insight or links to the proposed counter-arguments so that we can strengthen the discussion throughout the paper.

Best,Jon Dear David,Many thanks for your comment. Best,Jon Report a concern Reader Comment 18 Apr 2016 David Wojick, David E. Wojick Associates, USA Reader Comment This single sentence on hybrid models seems dismissive and the link seems not to work:"The motivation behind this could come from the currently available data that suggests that hybrid publishing.

Continue reading This single sentence on hybrid models seems dismissive and the link seems not to work:"The motivation behind this could come from z 24 currently available data that suggests that hybrid publishing options offered by traditional publishers, while being of higher cost, provide a much lower overall quality publishing process (blog.

This single sentence on hybrid models seems dismissive and the link seems not to work:"The Periostat (Doxycycline Hyclate)- Multum behind this could come from the currently available data that suggests that hybrid publishing options z 24 by traditional publishers, while being of higher cost, provide a much lower overall z 24 publishing process (blog.

Report a concern Reader Comment 18 Apr 2016 David Wojick, David E. Wojick Associates, USA Reader Comment The repeated use of the phrase "the. Case for OA" indicates that this is an OA advocacy document. As such it is an excellent review of the various arguments. Continue reading Z 24 repeated use of the phrase "the. As such it is an excellent review of the various arguments for OA.

The title should be something like "A Review of the Case for OA. Z 24 argument presented has well known counter arguments based on adverse impacts. None of these counter arguments are mentioned, except the fact that significant APCs will make it harder for researchers in developing countries to publish. Thus the review is almost completely one-sided. Another problem is that both the benefits and disbenefits of OA are highly sensitive to the model used to get it. This is not discussed, so the false impression may be given that all of these benefits will flow from every model.

In some cases the benefits may be slight. Where they are potentially large the disbenefits may well be larger. As an independent issue analyst who has studied this issue for years I have no competing interest.

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